The monster which attacked Mars
In Hindu myth, Rāhu and Ketu are imagined to represent demons which cause eclipses of the ‘Moon’. In astronomy these points are the nodes of the orbit of the Moon. They were mythologically imagined to be the head (Rāhu) and body (Ketu) of the Rg Vedic Svarbhānu, a demon which tried to attack or eat Indra (Mars), as depicted at the top of Figure 1.
Cyclic Catastrophism explains that during each kalpa, when Mars was in its geostationary orbit, above Mt. Kailas, it passed through phases of illumination, similar to the Moon, every day. It approached full illumination around midnight because it orbited close to the ecliptic plane. But due to its great size and proximity to the Earth it would pass, at least partially, through the shadow of the Earth at approximately 11;15 PM as seen in the Vedic (Aryan) lands, what is now…
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