Siege of Jerusalem (70 AD)
“The Siege of Jerusalem”, Peter Connolly
Roman army progress during the siege of Jerusalem (70 AD)
Date: March–8 September 70.
Location: central Israel.
Forces Engaged: Roman: 70,000 men. Commander: Titus.
Jewish: three factions: 15,000 men under Simon Bar-giora; 6,000 men under John of Gischala; 2,400 under Eleazar.
Importance: Roman capture and destruction of Israel’s capital marked the beginning of the Jewish Diaspora.
The Zealots were a revolutionary faction in Israel during the Roman occupation, active in the first century a.d. Although the Romans rarely did anything to hamper the Jews of Israel in the practice of their religion, the Roman worship of their own gods offended many Jews. The affront they felt to their faith, coupled with a series of harsh Roman rulers, set off a revolt that had ruinous consequences for the Jewish people.
The first mention of a popular leader resisting Roman rule is that of…
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